Gem Education


Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Madagascar, Thailand & Australia
Greenish-Yellow to Orangish-Yellow
Refractive Index:
Specific Gravity:
9 on Mohs Scale
Birthstone Month:
Anniversary Year:
5th and 45th

Sapphire - Yellow

The enduring and alluring sapphire forms in more colors than just the legendary blue. After blue, the refreshing yellow sapphire is highly sought after in jewelry today. Many yellow sapphires can resemble yellow diamonds and range in color from greenish yellow and orangish yellow, to every hue in-between.

Sapphire is a variety of corundum, an aluminum oxide mineral that forms in prismatic tabular, bipyramidal or rhombohedral crystals, as well as granular or massive habits, and may be transparent to opaque. Low iron content in corundum is responsible for yellow sapphire’s color, sometimes called golden sapphire if intensely colored.

Yellow Sapphire is the legendary helper of the Hindu god, Ganeesh. While Ganeesh brings prosperity to the home, Yellow Sapphire brings wealth. Throughout the ages, merchants in India and the Far East have worn, or carried, fine Yellow Sapphire to enhance their business success. When worn, it is set so that a portion of the stone itself touches the body. To increase earnings it is often placed in cash boxes, and many people have been buried or cremated with Yellow Sapphire placed in their mouths to ensure wealth in the next life.

Since sapphires are durable, they are able to withstand a large number of cleaning techniques. Sapphires must not be put in boiling hot water. Your sapphire jewelry should be cleaned with a soft-bristled brush or a cloth with plain or soapy water. Avoid exposure to hairspray, perfume and chlorine, that can dull gemstones.